There are several species of sea turtle can be seen in Srilanka

Green turtle

Green turtle is the most common turtle in Srilanka. Also found in Indian ocean, pacific and Atlantic oceans. Their English name refer to the color of the fat found under their upper shell, which is unfortunately used to make turtle soup. Luckily this practice is commonly less today. Young green turtles are carnivorous. Adults are herbivorous, feeding only marine vegetations

Hawksbill turtle

This turtle is rare than green turtle. it’s also smaller reaching maximum length of 90cm and weighing 50-70kg. the hawksbill gets its English name of its narrow head and bird-like beak(hotaya) which is used to catch animals.itis regular visitor to srilanka.and other tropical waters

Loggerhead turtle

Loggerhead is very rare in srilanka and is more common in east coast of America. They are usually red and brown.its as is name easily identified because of its large head. It grows maximum size of 1m and weighs 170-200kg.the are carnivorous.

Olive ridley turtle

They have been hunted in the past for their meat. The smallest of the sea turtle and one of the two species of ridley turtle.it reaches maximum size of 65cm and weighs 35-45kg. Olive ridley turtles nest yearly and many lay their eggs on kosgoda beach,deposting more than 150 at one time.they are omnivorous .

 

Leatherback turtle

Largest of the species and a rare find in srilanka, easily identifiable due to long front flippers and unique black and white stripy shells. This is the only sea turtle that lacks hard shell. In addition they have unique blood circulatory system, cold blooded reptile, which means they are able to keep their blood warm even in cold waters using metabolic heat from their body.

It reaches maximum length of 3m and weighs 750kg.its unique flexible shell and seven ridges enable them into dive to depth of 1500m in search of their favorite food, the jellyfish.

Around 5 leatherback turtles are known to nest at Kosgoda beach each year.

 

Sea Turtles are one of the endangered species in the World. They lay eggs in the shore and deposit in the sand then go back to the deep ocean, A mother never comes back to see her eggs.

The survival rates of those eggs are less than 5%, Natural predators, such as killer whales and sharks, various mammals, birds, crabs and fish etc.

But unfortunately by far the most dangerous predator are humans.

Turtle and the eggs has high demand in the black market. Many view turtle of egg aphrodisiac as a symbol of fertility, therefore exported to other Asian countries from Srilanka, hundreds of thousands of eggs are stolen every year.

In addition to that turtle shells are being used for ornamental purposes. The green turtle females are slaughtered for their meat. And some struck in fishing nets, this number is high as 300000 per annum worldwide.

Hence some of well wishers came forward to start hatcheries and conservation projects with the support of volunteers locally and internationally to protect the turtles Eggs.