Topographically Sri Lanka can be divided in to three.

1. Coastal plains

  • 0-30Meters from the sea level
  • The length of coastal belt is 1605km.
  • Beautiful Sandy Beaches
  • Coastal lagoons
  • Natural Harbors and ancient ports
  • Palm trees are very common

2. Intermediate Zone (30-200Meters)

The largest part of the land of the country is intermediate zone. West part of intermediate get lots of rain during the monsoon seasons

  • High dense of growth of vegetations.
  • Rain forests can be seen
  • Sinharaja Rain forest , Kaneliya Rainforest, Kottawa Rainforest
  • Eastern and southeastern get less rain comparatively.
  • Residual mountains, Marshy lands, wetlands

3. Central highlands (200 above)

The centre parts of the island consist of mountains and mountain ranges. Generally has sub tropical climate. Sub tropical mountain forest 1000-15000M can be seen. The highest peaks of Sri Lanka situated in the Central mountain range.

  • Pidurutalagala (Mount Pedro)
  • Kirigalpoththa
  • Thotupola
  • Samanala (Sreepada, Adams peak)
  • Kikilimana

Rivers of Srilanka

There are 103 rivers and most of them radiate from the central hills to different directions

The Main Rivers according to length are as follows

  • Mahaweli               335km
  • Malwathu Oya     166km
  • Kala Oya                 155km
  • Kelani                      145km
  • Yan Oya                  142km

Waterfalls of Sri Lanka

In the central hills where the rocks are impermeable there are waterfalls and raging torrents or cascades.

There are 99 waterfalls which are over 10 meters

Ten are largest and range between 109 to 263 meters.

Popular waterfalls

  • Bambarakanda Waterfall                   263M
  • Diyaluma Waterfall                             220M
  • Ramboda Waterfall                             109M