Topographically Sri Lanka can be divided in to three.
1. Coastal plains
- 0-30Meters from the sea level
- The length of coastal belt is 1605km.
- Beautiful Sandy Beaches
- Coastal lagoons
- Natural Harbors and ancient ports
- Palm trees are very common
2. Intermediate Zone (30-200Meters)
The largest part of the land of the country is intermediate zone. West part of intermediate get lots of rain during the monsoon seasons
- High dense of growth of vegetations.
- Rain forests can be seen
- Sinharaja Rain forest , Kaneliya Rainforest, Kottawa Rainforest
- Eastern and southeastern get less rain comparatively.
- Residual mountains, Marshy lands, wetlands
3. Central highlands (200 above)
The centre parts of the island consist of mountains and mountain ranges. Generally has sub tropical climate. Sub tropical mountain forest 1000-15000M can be seen. The highest peaks of Sri Lanka situated in the Central mountain range.
- Pidurutalagala (Mount Pedro)
- Samanala (Sreepada, Adams peak)
Rivers of Srilanka
There are 103 rivers and most of them radiate from the central hills to different directions
The Main Rivers according to length are as follows
- Mahaweli 335km
- Malwathu Oya 166km
- Kala Oya 155km
- Kelani 145km
- Yan Oya 142km
Waterfalls of Sri Lanka
In the central hills where the rocks are impermeable there are waterfalls and raging torrents or cascades.
There are 99 waterfalls which are over 10 meters
Ten are largest and range between 109 to 263 meters.
- Bambarakanda Waterfall 263M
- Diyaluma Waterfall 220M
- Ramboda Waterfall 109M